Over the past 25 years, regional trade agreements (ATRs) have grown rapidly. Although ATRs generally aim to remove tariff and non-tariff barriers, more and more trade agreements are expanding their scope to include specific policies, such as environmental protection and sustainable development. This document establishes a comprehensive typology and quantitative analysis of environmental provisions in ATRs. The analysis includes all of the existing ATRs that were notified to the WTO between 1957 and May 2016, namely 270 trade agreements. While environmental exceptions, along with environmental cooperation, remain the most common types of environmental provisions, many other types of provisions are included in an increasing number of ATRs. The common feature of all environmental provisions, including environmental exceptions, is their heterogeneity in terms of structure, language and scope. . Institutions – Transition Economics: Environmental Issues eJournal International Political Economy: Trade Policy eJournal If you have written this article and are not yet registered with RePEc, we advise you to do so here. This way, you can link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept possible quotes on this article of which we are not sure. Download paper in pdf format (110 pages, 1789 KB; will be opened in a new window).
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